Different Gemstone Cuts & Their Names

Different Gemstone Cuts & Their Names

Depending on the size and form of the raw stone as well as the intended item of jewelry to be manufactured, a gemstone may be cut into any desired shape. According to a general guideline, a cut gemstone will lower its bulk by around 50%.

Cutting, lapping, polishing, grilling, and tumbling are just a few of the methods available for working with gemstones. It's a difficult task for the cutter to complete since he has to deal with a variety of different raw stones. There are times when the placement of inclusions in a diamond's raw stone influences the form that may be cut from the stone. To save money, most diamonds are cut for weight retention rather than brilliance enhancement.

Asscher cut

Asscher cuts look similar to emerald cuts with the most obvious difference being that they are square, as opposed to rectangular. This cut features large step facets and a high crown that produces a brilliance unlike any other diamond shape.

Baguette cut

When people buy diamond engagement rings, they often choose baguette-cut stones. Long, thin loaves of French bread are what the word means. The baguette cut of diamond looks a lot like a baguette because it is long and rectangular in shape.

Barion cut

The quarter moon cut was created in the 1970s and contains unusual facets in the form of a quarter moon. To begin with, the Barion cut is more of a family of cuts than a single cut.

Brilliant cut

Brilliant cut is a process of faceting gemstones that maximizes the stone's optical qualities and results in a final gem with the most fire and brilliancy. It is the most common diamond faceting style.

Briolette cut

In the world of gemstones, the Briolette or Briolette cut is a unique shape. It is the most traditional method of gem cutting. From small pears to extended ones, this cut has a broad variety of stunning cuts that you'll fall in love with right away.

Cabochon cut

There are two types of gems: one is called a cabochon and the other is called a faceted gem. Most of the time, the shape is convex (rounded) with a flat reverse. Cabochon was the most common way to prepare gemstones before cutting was invented. method of cutting gemstones that have a convex, rounded surface that is polished but not cut. Cabochons are polished but not cut. They are usually cut in the shape of a "cabochon," which is opaque, asteriated, iridescent, opalescent or chatoyant. To make the color lighter, you can hollow the back of a cabochon-cut stone.

Calla cut

Marquise-cut stones aren't as bright as Calla-cut stones, but they still have a lot of sparkle and fire. With its unique design and spectacular brilliance, the Calla cut diamond is a real game changer for fancy cut diamonds. Calla cut boldly changes the way diamonds are cut so that they look like round diamonds, but with fuller wings and stronger points.

Ceylon cut

With a brilliant-cut crown and pavilion, the Ceylon cut is unique. Sri Lankans still use this traditional method. According to research, step-cut crowns over a brilliant-cut pavilion create the most brightness in most cases.

Cushion or old mine cut

Old Mine cut diamonds, often known as "Miner Cuts," are the forerunners of today's cushion cut diamonds. During the Victorian and Edwardian periods, this was the most common form. Rare and unique, they have a wide range of appearances and characteristics.

Double Dutch rose cut

Double rose cuts are a type of diamond that looks like a briolette cut. Double rose cuts are a type of diamond that looks like a briolette cut, but they're not. Here, they are a different kind of rose cut diamond. This one is round on top and flat on the bottom. In a double rose cut diamond, the pavilion has more facets than the pavilion of a rose cut diamond. It also goes by the names of double rose cut, double-Holland rose cut, and double-rose cut.

Emerald cut

Diamonds with a square or rectangular form are known as emerald cuts. The tapering step cut is another name for this kind of diamond cutting. Emerald cut was originally designed for emeralds, but it has now become a tradition for gems and diamonds. Tapered corners center any gem's hue. It's a beautiful thing!

Flanders cut

Four short sides and four long sides give the Flanders Brilliant an emerald-like appearance with its four cut corners. They are trimmed to the perfect size for maximum sparkle. The square cut is the most common form for Flanders Brilliant diamonds.

French cut

French cut diamond is made by grinding the top of the crystal to produce a table shape, which is then polished. Natural facets are formed by the surviving crystal faces, and very little modeling is required to create a symmetrical cut from them.

Heart brilliant

One of the most popular diamond shapes is the heart. The term "modified brilliant cut" refers to diamonds that deviate from the round form of a brilliant cut. Faceting patterns that mimic the round brilliant cut of a modified brilliant are popular alternatives for jewelry because they provide as much sparkle as the original.

Kite brilliant cut

Kite-shaped diamonds are cut in step and have a brilliant cut faceting on top of them It's important to tell your jeweler that when you choose a Kite-shaped diamond as your center stone. It looks like stairs, like an Emerald cut diamond. Step cuts are cut like stairs, like that. Kite-shaped diamonds can be long or short, and they can also be slender. A lot of people like this style now because it was popular in the 1920s.

Lozenge cut

Diamonds that are sliced into lozenge shapes are often referred to as shield cuts because of their form. If you're looking for a diamond that looks more like a rose cut rather than a typical brilliant cut, this is the cut for you.

Marquise or navette cut

Because of its boat-like form, marquise diamonds are also known as "navette" diamonds, which means "small ship" in French. Though the marquise cut was originally designed for diamonds, it is now extensively utilized with other stones such as emeralds, rubies, and sapphires.

Mogul cut

One of the oldest methods of cutting diamonds is the Mogul Cut, also known as the Mughal Cut. However, it's a straight change from the more common rose cut (style) that we've come to know and love.

Oval brilliant cut

The oval shape diamond is classified as a fancy shape diamond, which is any diamond cut form other than round brilliant. Its oblong form is attractive and slimming on the wrist of the user. Generally, oval cut diamonds seem to be bigger than round cut diamonds of same carat weight.

Pear or drop brilliant cut

Diamonds cut into a pear shape combine the best features of marquise and round brilliant cuts. The teardrop form is created by cutting a round diamond with a marquise-style symmetry, giving it a rounded top and a pointed bottom.

Pendeloque cut

The pendeloque cut for diamonds is a pear-shaped variant of the round brilliant cut that is claimed to Louis de Berquem in the 15th century. Triangle or rectangular briolettes are long, pear-shaped stones with a pointed end that are coated with triangular or rectangular facets.

Princess cut

The princess cut is a square form with distinct corners and an exquisite facet structure. Similar to the cushion cut, the princess cut has a sparkling look but lacks the rounded corners of the majority of other cuts.

Radiant cut

These diamonds have a shape that looks a lot like an emerald, but the facets are cut in a way that looks more like that of round diamonds. This means that the sparkle of the diamond makes people fall in love with it.

Round brilliant cut

In a single diamond form, the round brilliant embodies more than six centuries of diamond cutting knowledge and beauty. Any other diamond cut has not been created to maximize light refraction. In fact, the contemporary round brilliant was inspired by a fundamental shift in light itself.

Rose cut

A rose cut gemstone is a way to cut gemstones so that the base of the stone is wide and flat, and the top is domed and covered with triangular facets. Often, the facets are arranged in two rows so that the very top of the stone ends in a point.

Single or eight cut

The 'Eight Cut' is another name for the Single Cut. This is due to its octagonal design, which includes eight facets on the table and crown, as well as eight facets on the pavilion. Rings, bracelets, necklaces, brooches, and earrings are all examples of single cut diamonds in jewelry.

Square emerald cut

Also known as the "square emerald cut," the Asscher diamond features squared-off, parallel-to-the-girdle facets. It is also known as the "asscher cut." The stone has an almost octagonal shape since the corners have been sharply trimmed to avoid chipping.

Step cut

In most cases, step cut diamonds are square or rectangular in shape. Each side of the diamond has facets that line up with each other in the same way on all four sides. Because of how they are arranged, the facets look like steps. They are bigger than in a brilliant cut diamond.

Transitional cut

Early American or Early Modern cut diamonds, known as transitional cut diamonds, are unique. The transitional cut developed from the traditional European style. A traditional beauty, the round cut has a big table, low crown, modest culet, and short pavillon.

Trapezoid or trapeze cut

When it comes to side stones, trapezoids, also known as trapeze-cut diamonds, are a popular choice since they can be paired with a variety of center diamond shapes. In most cases, the name trapeze is taken from the flying trapeze that became popular in the circus. The trapezoid has a larger surface area than the baguette, therefore it gives more glitter to the finger than the baguette.

Triangle cut

Trilliant diamond is a combination of the words 'Triangle' and 'Brilliant,' and it is a distinctive name that diamond merchants use to identify their products. The form is referred to as a triangle. The term Brilliant also refers to the angular faceting that gives a diamond its brilliance, which is referred to as facets.

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